See Jupiter’s red spot, bright exoplanets – when the curves line up

October 15, 2022: Jupiter’s Great Red Spot appears when the planet is high in the sky overnight. Follow the moon and the bright outer planets – Mars, Jupiter and Saturn – during the night.

Image caption Jupiter, the center, and its moon Europa, left, are seen through the infrared sensors of the James Webb Space Telescope. The Great Red Spot is the bright oval in the lower right corner of the globe. (Image credit: NASA)

by Jeffrey L Hunt

Chicago, IL: sunrise, 7:03 a.m. CST; Sunset, 6:09pm CST. Check local sources for sunrise and sunset times for your location.

Here are today’s planet predictions:

morning sky

For night owls, late partyers, or very early risers, Jupiter’s great red spot is in the center of the planet in the Southern Hemisphere at 12:34 a.m. CST. At this time, the planet is about halfway in the south and southwest.

The planet’s rapid rotation causes the long-lived “storm” to appear on the horizon approximately 50 minutes before the central passage and disappear as the planet rotates about 50 minutes after best view.

A modest telescope is needed to see this Earth-size perturbation.

Chart Caption – 2022, October 15: The moon is 4.7 degrees from Mars before dawn.

About an hour before dawn, moon bright, 71% lit, high in the southwest, 4.7 degrees in the upper left of Mars.

The Red Planet’s eastward journey is slow. Mars retrograde begins on October 30. This morning it is below the line connecting the two horns of the bull, Elnath and Zeta Tauri. It passes between them in two mornings.

Caption on the chart – 2022, October 15: Mercury is low in the east before sunrise.

Fifteen minutes later, brighter than Mars and beginning to emerge from its morning habitat, Mercury is low in the east at 45 minutes before sunrise, although its visual intensity is diminished by its lower altitude as it shines through a thicker, redder atmosphere at midday. twilight.

A clear view of the horizon is needed as the planet is less than 7 degrees above the horizon, and can be easily blocked by nearby trees, houses or buildings.

With the brightness, the planet can be found with binoculars up to 30 minutes before sunrise when it is higher in the sky. Find a balance between seeing it lower in the sky when the twilights are fainter or catching a view of it later at a higher altitude and brighter twilights.

The planet rises 83 minutes before sunrise. She loses two to three minutes from her sunrise every morning, and looks low until she disappears into the shine of the sun.

Venus heads toward solar conjunction within a week and reappears as an evening star in the west after sunset.

evening sky

Caption on the chart – 2022, October 15: Jupiter and Saturn in the eastern sky after sunset.

Bright outer planets (BOPs)—Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn—slowly migrate westward to display five planets at the end of the year, when they are joined by Venus and Mercury.

When the sky gets dark, bright Jupiter rises about 20 degrees in the east and southeast. It recedes before the gloomy Pisces stars. Try to spot up to four of its largest moons with binoculars. It can be easily seen through a spotting binoculars or a small telescope. The larger bands show the planet’s cloud bands.

Jupiter is the brightest star in the sky with Venus hiding in the sun’s great luminosity before sunrise.

Saturn, darker than Jupiter, but brighter than most stars in the night sky, lies about a third of the way in the southeast. The annular wonder is best viewed through a telescope. The sight is unforgettable from its bright rings that surround a planet in silent cloud streaks.

Like, Jupiter, Saturn retrograde. It is easy to see the movement of Saturn because it is located near Deneb Elgidi and Nashira, both of which are easy to see in a dark sky or through binoculars from urban or suburban places. The stars are in the eastern part of Capricorn.

Chart Commentary – 2022, October 15: Through a binocular, Saturn approaches Iota Capricorni (Cap).

Through a microscope, Saturn approaches Iota Capricorni (Cap on chart). Saturn appears to reverse direction in eight days, slowly heading toward Iota until then. Tonight the gap is 0.6 degrees.

During the night, the third BOP – Mars – appears in the east-northeast about three hours after sunset. The moon follows an hour later. At about midnight, the moon, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn hang across the sky from east to northeast to southwest. This is a great overnight show.

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